By: Mission Healthy Living
March 12, 2019
Cannabidiol (CBD) has entered the national conversation over the last year, with the substance available in products ranging from oils, gummies and topical creams to supplements and even drops for dogs. Celebrities like Jennifer Aniston, Rihanna, Willy Nelson and more all have touted the positive effects of the substance. It’s even made its way into health food stores and juice bars. Here’s what we know so far about CBD.
What is CBD?
CBD is a naturally occurring and important ingredient found in cannabis. But CBD does not carry all the same properties as marijuana. In fact, CBD is an extract of marijuana and hemp plants. This means CBD does not contain THC, the most active ingredient in marijuana whose psychoactive properties give users a high feeling. According to the World Health Organization, CBD has also not shown to be addictive in initial studies.
But while CBD itself does not contain THC, CBD products may. Products made of crystalline isolate contain just CBD, while products with full spectrum oil may contain THC and other cannabinoids.
Why all the fuss?
Much like medical marijuana, CBD is credited with a wide range on healing properties, from relieving anxiety, inflammation and pain to helping sufferers of PTSD, depression and epilepsy. But it’s too early yet to say if CBD is a magic elixir capable of all these things.
Is CBD illegal?
Hemp and marijuana, from which CBD is derived, are both still classified as Schedule I drugs. However, that’s only on the federal level. The legality of CBD often depends on what state you’re in. In California and Colorado, where marijuana is fully legalized, CBD products are legal. However, states that have only legalized medical marijuana, like Arizona, sometimes require that CBD products have less than the federally allowed 0.3% THC in them. (Source: ABC 15)
In Pennsylvania, CBD products can be purchased in dispensaries with a medical marijuana card.
Is CBD dangerous?
There are a few things to be aware of with CBD use. Although CBD products do not require a prescription to obtain, they are produced without regulation. This can lead to CBD products with widely varying qualities, some of which may be unsafe.
The FDA’s current stance is that CBD cannot be added to food or sold in supplements, but that position could change soon. Epidiolex, a form of CBD oil, was approved in June 2018 by the FDA to treat limited types of epilepsy.
When adding any substance like CBD to your diet, be sure to consult your doctor to learn more and decide if it’s right for you.